Quel est le rôle que joue le droit international sur les différentes sociétés du monde? Quels sont ses effets sur les différents rapports de domination et d’exploitation qui traversent et structurent ces sociétés? Doit-il être envisagé comme étant davantage favorable aux groupes dominants ou aux subalternes? Ces derniers devraient-ils en faire leur principale arme de combat contre les différentes formes de subordination, ou ne devrait-il être utilisé que dans certaines circonstances bien stratégiques? C’est, entre autres, à ces questions que cet ouvrage propose des hypothèses.
Cherchant notamment à radicaliser le vocabulaire utilisé par les internationalistes critiques, ce livre a comme objectif de théoriser les effets provoqués par le droit international sur les rapports entre les groupes dominants et subalternes des différentes sociétés du monde. Plus spécifiquement, il cherche à comprendre son rôle sur la reproduction, la légitimation, la contestation et la transformation des systèmes de rapports sociaux de subordination que sont le capitalisme, le patriarcat, le racisme et l’impérialisme, systèmes qui constituent les matrices de subordination de ces sociétés. Essentiellement, il estime que ces effets se produisent lors de quatre moments distincts, à savoir lorsque le droit structure la société internationale, par exemple en l’organisant territorialement en États souverains et formellement égaux; lorsque ses règles et ses institutions sont utilisées de manière formelle par les différents acteurs qui sont en mesure de le faire; lorsqu’il constitue un facteur influençant les différentes formations idéologiques du monde; puis, enfin, lorsqu’il est utilisé comme langue permettant de défendre légitimement des prétentions politiques.
L’ambition de ce livre est de montrer que de par sa structure, le droit international constitue un outil extrêmement puissant pour favoriser la reproduction et la légitimation des rapports sociaux de subordination. Bien sûr, il contient aussi des règles, des institutions et des régimes qui sont perçus comme étant des outils de résistance et des propositions de projets d’émancipation pour les subalternes et est régulièrement utilisé comme tels. Dans ces derniers cas toutefois, il y a lieu de convenir que ce qu’il propose en matière de résistance et d’émancipation n’outrepasse jamais ce qui est tolérable par les dominants.
Thursday, May 24, 2018
Wednesday, May 23, 2018
- Vincent Bernard, Migration and displacement: Humanity with its back to the wall
- “All I want is to know”: Testimonies of the families of missing migrants in Zimbabwe
- Interview with Filippo Grandi: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
- Vicki Mau, Mobilising the Movement: Australian Red Cross, migration, and the role of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement around humanitarian response
- Debbie Busler, British Red Cross response to young migrants in Calais, France
- Arnaldo Ponce & Norma Archila, Assistance for and protection of migrants: Experience of the Honduran Red Cross
- Displacement in Nigeria: Scenes from the northeast
- Elena Isayev, Between hospitality and asylum: A historical perspective on displaced agency
- Stéphanie Le Bihan, Addressing the protection and assistance needs of migrants: The ICRC approach to migration
- Helen Obregón Gieseken, The protection of migrants under international humanitarian law
- Sebastien Moretti & Tiziana Bonzon, Some reflections on the IFRC's approach to migration and displacement
- Ben Hayes, Migration and data protection: Doing no harm in an age of mass displacement, mass surveillance and “big data”
- Pavle Kilibarda, Obligations of transit countries under refugee law: A Western Balkans case study
- Faye Donnelly, In the name of (de)securitization: Speaking security to protect migrants, refugees and internally displaced persons?
- Adama Dieng, Protecting internally displaced persons: The value of the Kampala Convention as a regional example
- Angela Cotroneo, Specificities and challenges of responding to internal displacement in urban settings
- Kristin Bergtora Sandvik, Katja Lindskov Jacobsen, & Sean Martin McDonald, Do no harm: A taxonomy of the challenges of humanitarian experimentation
- Note on migration and the principle of non-refoulement: ICRC, 2018
- ICRC policy paper on immigration detention
- Translating the Kampala Convention into practice: A stocktaking exercise
This paper discusses an important legal issue raised by the United States in its recent attempt to block the reappointment of an Appellate Body member. According to the US, in some of his decisions, the member has made overreaching findings that amount to obiter dicta. As obiter dictum is a unique concept in the Common Law system, the US argument may only stand if the concept may be found in the WTO legal system as well. With a careful analysis of the concept of dicta in Common Law and a close examination of the effects of past panel and Appellate Body decisions in WTO dispute settlement, the paper rejects the US argument by refuting each of the three premises of the US argument, i.e., the WTO legal system based on Common Law; WTO follows stare decisis; and the WTO has rules against dicta. In addition to original contributions on the nature of the WTO dispute settlement system in theory, the article also provides some practical advice on how the controversy may be resolved.
The proper construction of co-perpetration responsibility in international criminal law has become one of the most enduring controversies in this field, with the UN Tribunals endorsing the theory of joint criminal enterprise, and the International Criminal Court adopting the alternative joint control over the crime theory to define this mode of liability. This book seeks to reconcile the ICTY/R’s and ICC’s jurisprudence by providing a definition of co-perpetration that could be uniformly applied in the two justice models that these institutions represent: the ad hoc- and the treaty-based model. An evaluation framework is adopted, pursuant to which the origins, merits and deficiencies of the said competing theories are critically assessed, and a refined legal framework of co-perpetration responsibility is proposed.
- Exclusions and its Critics: Southern Narratives of International Law
- Michelle Ratton Sanchez Bandin, Fabio Costa Morosini, & Arthur Roberto Capella Giannattasio, Editorial
- Martti Koskenniemi, Entre a apologia e a utopia: a política do Direito Internacional
- Martti Koskenniemi, A política do Direito Internacional: 20 anos depois
- Bhupinder S. Chimni, Abordagens Terceiro-Mundistas para o Direito Internacional: um manifesto
- Salem Hikmat Nasser & José Garcez Ghirardi, Around the Pyramid: Political-Theoretical Challenges to Law in the Age of Global Governance
- Camila Villard Duran, Voice and Exit: How Emerging Powers are Promoting Institutional Changes in the International Monetary System
- German Medardo Sandoval Trigo, La libre autodeterminación de los pueblos en el siglo XXI: una mirada del Derecho Internacional por una apropiación de la historia del colonialismo y el neo-colonialismo desde los pueblos del Tercer Mundo
- Douglas Castro & Bruno Pegorari, The International Institutions as Promoters of Systemic and Symbolic Violence – Feminist Approach to the Climate Change Regime
- Tatiana de A. F. R. Cardoso Squeff & Marina de Almeida Rosa, Jus Cogens: an European Concept? An Emancipatory Conceptual Review from the Inter-American System of Human Rights
- Marcos Vinício Chein Feres & João Vitor de Freitas Moreira, O conhecimento tradicional relacionado ao complexo do curare e a legislação internacional sobre propriedade intelectual
- Artigos sobre outros temas
- Victor Alencar Mayer Feitosa Ventura, Revisiting the Critique Against Territorialism in the Law of the Sea: Brazilian State Practice in Light of the Concepts of Creeping Jurisdiction and Spoliative Jurisdiction
- Vanessa Wendhausen Cavallazzi, Patrícia Perrone Campos Mello, & Raony Soares, Educação superior intercultural, reconhecimento e redistribuição: o duro caminho dos povos indígenas no Equador
- Fernanda Volpon & Marilda Rosado de Sá Ribeiro, Desafios da governança energética global e a participação do BRICS na construção de um novo paradigma energético
- Alberto Amaral Júnior & Aline Pereira de Carvalho Heringer, A Hermeneutical Analysis on the Recognition of China as a Market Economy After 2016
- Sarah Myers Raben, The ISIS Eradication of Christians and Yazidis: Human Trafficking, Genocide, and the Missing International Efforts to Stop It
- Cecilia M. Bailliet, The Strategic Prudence of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights - Rejection of Requests for an Advisory Opinion
- Rafael Carrano Lelis & Gabriel Coutinho Galil, Direito Internacional Monocromático: Previsão e Aplicação Dos Direitos LGBTI Na Ordem Internacional
Conference: Ethical Leadership in International Organizations: Concepts, Narratives, Judgment and Assessment
International organizations were once expected to guarantee the ‘salvation of mankind’, but have increasingly come to be questioned. On the one hand, waves of populism, nationalism and isolationism threaten the stability of the international legal order and the capacity of international organizations to address policy dilemmas. On the other hand, those policy dilemmas keep piling up. The influx of refugees, climate change, the increase in global inequality and poverty – these are only some examples.
Within this context it can be claimed that what is needed is global cooperation and leadership, at a time when the mission and capacities of international organizations may be at risk. And yet, the latter are often accused of corruption, embezzlement, externalities, political capture, mal-functioning, poor performance and so on. International organizations are necessary but, so it seems, they cannot be trusted.
The premise underlying this conference is that one way to respond to the crisis of governance is to go beyond legal responsibility, codes of conduct or effectiveness-type of discourses and focus instead on ethical leadership in international organizations. Within this context, the quest for ethical leadership in international organizations provides a platform for normative and policy reconsiderations.
To what extent can the ethical standing of individuals and organizations provide an answer to the current predicament? And if this is a credible response, then how can ethical leadership be conceptualized, what are the sources of inspiration and finally, how can it be assessed?
The conference aims to address the main proposition via an interdisciplinary approach put into practice through four sessions. The first session provides a conceptual framework through the examination of questions such as the relationship between politics and ethics; individual and organizational ethics; private and public morality and virtuous judgment. The second session develops a narrative approach through anthropologies of international institutions and units (including their officials) as well as biographical accounts, historical and legal, of international leaders and their teams. The third session places us in the middle of ethical choices and dilemmas by people with first-hand experience. The cases deal with the crusade against the WHO’s series of scandals and incidents; FIFA’s Governance Panel; and the ethical dilemmas while drafting the Global Compacts on migration and refugees. After imagining, narrating and confronting ethical leadership in international organizations, the fourth session addresses the vital question of how to assess and distinguish between good and bad narratives, visions and choices. It includes theoretical discussions on accountability and responsibility as well as more quantitative takes on indicators and their critics.
The workshop purports to become a "laboratory of dilemmas" on ethical leadership, not confined to a theoretical, abstract level but also dealing with concrete cases and policy propositions.
- Chinese Society of International Law, The South China Sea Arbitration Awards: A Critical Study
- Safe Areas as a Response to Humanitarian Crises?
- Daniel Jacob & Stefano Recchia, Introduction: Safe Areas as a Response to Humanitarian Crises?
- Phil Orchard, The Emergence of Safe Areas and the Role of Normative Contingency
- Daniel Jacob, Safe Areas and the Responsibility to Protect
- Rutger Birnie & Jennifer Welsh, Displacement, Protection and Responsibility: A Case for Safe Areas
- Stefano Recchia, The Paradox of Safe Areas in Ethnic Civil Wars
- The European Union as a Global Actor in the Arctic Ocean
- Claudia Cinelli, Introduction
- Joaquín Alcaide-Fernández, The European Union, the Arctic, and International Law
- Robin Churchill, The European Union as an Actor in the Law of the Sea, with Particular Reference to the Arctic
- Efthymios Papastavridis, Fisheries Enforcement on the High Seas of the Arctic Ocean: Gaps, Solutions and the Potential Contribution of the European Union and Its Member States
- David Langlet, Planning from the Margin—The European Union’s Potential Role in Spatial Planning for Managing Activities in the Marine Arctic
- Natalie Dobson & Seline Trevisanut, Climate Change and Energy in the Arctic—The Role of the European Union
- Martin Hennig, The Untouchable Nature of the ‘EU Seal Regime’—Is the European Union Liable for the Damages Suffered by the Canadian Inuit Due to the Violation of WTO Law in EC—Seal Products?
- Elise Johansen, The EU Influence on Norwegian Domestic Legislation for the Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment
- The Rome Statute at Twenty: Enhancing Efficiency and Effectiveness at the International Criminal Court
- Hirad Abtahi & Rebecca Young, Introduction. The Rome Statute at Twenty: Enhancing Efficiency and Effectiveness at the International Criminal Court
- Hirad Abtahi & Shehzad Charania, Expediting the ICC Criminal Process: Striking the Right Balance between the ICC and States Parties
- Philipp Ambach, Performance Indicators for International(ised) Criminal Courts – Potential for Increase of an Institution’s Legacy or ‘Just’ a Means of Budgetary Control?
- Osvaldo Zavala, The Budgetary Efficiency of the International Criminal Court
- Sam Sasan Shoamanesh, Institution Building: Perspective from within the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court
- William St-Michel, Chloé Grandon, & Marlene Yahya Haage, Strengthening the Role of Defence at the International Criminal Court: Reflections on How Defence is and Can Be Supported for Greater Effectiveness and Efficiencies
- Mikel Delagrange, The Path towards Greater Efficiency and Effectiveness in the Victim Application Processes of the International Criminal Court
- Renan Villacis, Working Methods of the Assembly of States Parties to the Rome Statute
Prevention is recognized as a cornerstone of international environmental law, but this principle remains abstract and elusive in terms of exactly what is required of states to prevent environmental harm. In this illuminating work, Leslie-Anne Duvic-Paoli addresses this issue by offering a systematic, comprehensive assessment in which she clarifies the rationale, content, and scope of the prevention principle while also placing it in a wider legal context. The book offers a detailed analysis of treaty law, custom codification works, and case law before culminating in a conceptualization of prevention based on three definitional traits: 1. Its anticipatory rationale; 2. Its due diligence content; and 3. Its wide spatial scope to protect the environment as a whole. This book should be read by anyone seeking to understand the evolving principle of prevention in international environmental law, and how it increasingly shares common ground with reparation in the arena of compliance control.
War, Law and Crime. Legal Histories of the Second World War and its Aftermath, a two-day workshop organised by Lily Chang and Franziska Exeler, will bring together historians who are interested in new approaches to legal histories of war. By focusing on the Second World War and its aftermath, the workshop will examine the intersection of law and war, as well as its postwar consequences. This will include explorations into the history of international criminal law, war crimes prosecution, and the creation of new legal systems and institutions, but also questions of retribution and reparation, political uses of law, and the manifold and conflicting understandings of ‘justice’ in the aftermath of war and occupation.
Tuesday, May 22, 2018
Call for Papers: Managing International Economic (Dis)Integration: Challenges and Opportunities (Reminder)
Monday, May 21, 2018
- Guest Editorial Comment
- Alexander Orakhelashvili, The High Court and the crime of aggression
- Christian Marxsen, Violation and confirmation of the law: the intricate effects of the invocation of the law in armed conflict
- Christina Nowak, The changing law of non-intervention in civil wars – assessing the production of legality in state practice after 2011
- Graham Melling, Beyond rhetoric? Evaluating the Responsibility to Protect as a norm of humanitarian intervention
- Victor Kattan, Furthering the ‘war on terrorism’ through international law: how the United States and the United Kingdom resurrected the Bush doctrine on using preventive military force to combat terrorism
Sunday, May 20, 2018
- Davide Rovetta, Laura Carola Beretta, & Agnieszka Smiatacz, The Court of Justice of the European Union Judgment in the Hamamatsu Case: Defending EU Customs Valuation Law from the ‘Transfer Pricing Folly’ in Customs Matters
- Jean-Pierre Méan & Holger Gehring, Implementing ISO 37001 to Manage Your Bribery Risks
- Amir Ahmadi, The Impact of Economic Sanctions and the JCPOA on Energy Sector of Iran
- Frank Kalizinje, Combating Customs Revenue Fraud in WCO East and Southern African Region: A Mirror Analysis Through the Lens of Malawi
The international criminality of waging illegal war, alongside only a few of the gravest human wrongs, is rooted not in its violation of sovereignty, but in the large-scale killing war entails. Yet when soldiers refuse to kill in illegal wars, nothing shields them from criminal sanction for that refusal. This seeming paradox in law demands explanation. Just as soldiers have no right not to kill in criminal wars, the death and suffering inflicted on them when they fight against aggression has been excluded repeatedly from the calculation of post-war reparations, whether monetary or symbolic. This, too, is jarring in an era of international law infused with human rights principles. Tom Dannenbaum explores these ambiguities and paradoxes, and argues for institutional reforms through which the law would better respect the rights and responsibilities of soldiers.
CALL FOR PAPERS
On the Origins of International Legal Thought
Lauterpacht Centre for International Law
University of Cambridge
Friday December 7th, 2018
Comprehension of the development of legal thought over time is necessary for any historical, philosophical, practical, or theoretical enquiry into the subject today. Perspective is everything. When seen against the background of broad geopolitical, diplomatic, administrative, intellectual, religious, and commercial changes, law begins to appear very resilient. It withstands the rise and fall of empires. It provides the framework for the establishment of new orders in the place of the old. Today what analogies, principles, and authorities of law have survived these changes continue to inform so much of the international legal tradition, and it is unobvious why tomorrow will be any different.
An intimate seminar will take place across one day at the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law towards the end of Michaelmas Term. Participation is open to academics from around the world. The conference is free, with little chance of a per diem reimbursement, however there may be some prospect for the remuneration of a portion of travel and accommodation expenses in exceptional cases.
A handful of candidates will be invited to participate personally, and this line-up will be confirmed at a later date. On top of this, there are between three and four positions available to be filled. Although the call is open to historians and legal scholars working in any period from Ancient Rome to the present, preference will be shown towards historical research framed within the period between 1860 and 1939, especially if concern is shown for private international law, public international law, or legal/state personality in this period. Sympathy towards imperial, interpolitical, and/or interreligious perspectives will be especially welcome. More than anything else, participants should be prepared to contemplate the dynamism of legal thought in various contexts. If your work meets a good standard, there is every prospect of inclusion within an edited collection of chapters, entitled Empire and Legal Thought (Oxford University Press). If you would like to be included within this collection, a full chapter of 8,000 words will need to be provided before the end of the calendar year. Please, therefore, send an abstract of between 200 and 500 words, along with some indication of whether or not you would like to contribute a chapter to a volume for OUP, to firstname.lastname@example.org, by July 31st, 2018. All things considered, participants who are prepared to publish a chapter along the lines of the presentation will be favoured at the shortlisting stage.
This seminar will be organised and led by Dr Edward Cavanagh FRHistS is a Fellow of Downing College, a Fellow of the Lauterpacht Centre of International Law, an Associate Fellow at the Institute for Commonwealth Studies, and a member of the Faculty of History at the University of Cambridge. He has published several articles across law and history in a number of well reputed outlets, including Law and History Review, Itinerario, Modern Intellectual History, Historical Journal, Comparative Legal History, History Compass, South African Journal on Human Rights, and Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History.
Saturday, May 19, 2018
- The Global Environmental Politics of Food
- Jennifer Clapp & Caitlin Scott, The Global Environmental Politics of Food
- Jennifer Clapp, Mega-Mergers on the Menu: Corporate Concentration and the Politics of Sustainability in the Global Food System
- Peter Dauvergne, The Global Politics of the Business of “Sustainable” Palm Oil
- Peter Newell, Olivia Taylor, & Charles Touni, Governing Food and Agriculture in a Warming World
- Liam Campling & Elizabeth Havice, The Global Environmental Politics and Political Economy of Seafood Systems
- Caitlin Scott, Sustainably Sourced Junk Food? Big Food and the Challenge of Sustainable Diets
- Shana M. Starobin, Beekeepers Versus Biotech: Commodity Characteristics and Regulatory Interdependence in the Global Environmental Politics of Food
- Tony Weis, Ghosts and Things: Agriculture and Animal Life
- Mairon G. Bastos Lima, Toward Multipurpose Agriculture: Food, Fuels, Flex Crops, and Prospects for a Bioeconomy
Regulatory Counter-Terrorism explores an emerging terrain in which the global governance of terrorism is expanding. This terrain is that of proactive regulatory governance – the management of the day-to-day activities of individuals and entities in order to pre-emptively minimize vulnerability to terrorism. Overshadowed by the more publicized dimensions of military and criminal justice responses to terrorism, regulatory counter-terrorism has grown in size and impact without stirring up as much academic debate.
Through a critical assessment of international regulatory counter-terrorism in three areas – financial services, the control of arms and dangerous materials, and the cross-border movement of persons and goods – this volume identifies a dynamic trend. This is the refashioning of international rule making into a flexible and experimental exercise. This volume shows how this transformation is affecting societies across the world in new ways and in the process unravelling settled understandings of international law. Furthermore, through an in-depth analysis of the working processes of UN counter-terrorism bodies and the Financial Action Task Force, this book illustrates that the monitoring of the global counter-terrorism regime is, contrary to accepted understanding, in the main collaborative and managerial, and coercive only peripherally. Dynamic rule making and soft monitoring complement each other, but this is a reason for concern: the softening of international monitoring encourages regulatory adventurism by states in tackling terrorism, while the element of self-correction in dynamic rule making helps silence the calls for institutionalized mechanisms of accountability.
Comment comprendre l’architecture du droit international qui repose sur de grands principes unificateurs gardés par le juge international, mais embrasse une multitudes de normes et systèmes qui tendent au contraire à le fragmenter ? Tel est l’un des principaux sujets de réflexion de Pierre-Marie Dupuy qu’on trouve développé dans plusieurs articles de ce recueil qui révèlent une constance admirable que son Cours général à l’Académie de droit international avait mise en évidence et qui justifient le titre de cet ouvrage qui, cependant, ne se limite pas, loin de là, à ce questionnement mais offre au lecteur un florilège d’écrits qui relèvent tant de la technique que de la théorie, de l’histoire et de la philosophie du droit. Il y a en somme une unité de pensée de l’auteur dans la diversité de ses objets d’attention et analyses.
Un autre facteur d’unité remarquable est le fait que l’auteur n’entend pas, ni n’a jamais entendu, s’enfermer dans une étude purement juridique du seul univers juridique international. Trop conscient que, s’il existe bien un ordre juridique international, le monde est plongé dans un désordre politique international, Pierre-Marie Dupuy ne cesse de réfléchir à cette inadéquation entre cet ordre juridique et ce désordre politique, entre une promesse de paix et d’humanité et la prévalence des conflictualités. Il s’agit de montrer, d’une part, que celle-ci n’est pas si importante que certains se plaisent à le dire, le droit international s’adaptant à ce qui lui est extérieur, et surtout d’accepter de traiter le droit international pour ce qu’il est, un système dont l’efficacité est tributaire de facteurs qui lui sont extérieurs et de l’analyser au regard de ceux-ci.
Pierre-Marie Dupuy n’a jamais pu se contenter de décrire le droit international, mais invite toujours à le comprendre sans hésiter à le critiquer et simultanément à en découvrir les promesses. Et s’il veut croire à ces dernières, passant incessamment du monde des idées à celui de la pratique, l’auteur reste lucide et montre leurs limites, comme pour mieux les dépasser.
Friday, May 18, 2018
Armed conflicts, terrorist attacks or natural disasters often prompt governments to declare a state of emergency. While sometimes the proclamation of a public emergency is necessary (or at least justifiable), such moves can also mask repressive government policies, threatening individual and collective rights. Recent developments in Turkey would seem to be a case in point. To curb this threat, international law regulates States’ derogation from their human rights obligations through a two-stepped test: 1) Is the situation sufficiently serious to warrant a state of emergency? 2) If the answer is affirmative, are the exceptional measures adopted really necessary to address (or to contain) the emergency? This book offers a comprehensive overview on how derogation clauses have been interpreted by treaty monitoring bodies that were asked to apply the above test. Differences and similarities in the interpretative work of European, Inter-American and UN bodies are highlighted, and explanations for divergences in their approach are explored. A second part of the book considers the legal nature of derogation clauses under general international law, contrasting them with the norms precluding the wrongfulness of State conduct, and the rules concerning the termination or suspension of treaties. The existence of customary law principles regarding the suspension of human rights is also examined. Last, the book provides some recommendations aimed at making the work of treaty monitoring bodies more effective when dealing with genuine or alleged emergencies.