- Dirk Messner, Alejandro Guarin & Daniel Haun, Putting Behavior into International Cooperation
- Weihuan Zhou & Andrew Percival, Panel Report on EU —Biodiesel: A Glass Half Full?—Implications for the Rising Issue of “Particular Market Situation”
- Shuai Guo, A Story of Convergence of IPR Regimes: The IPR Chapter in the China-Korea Free Trade Agreement
Saturday, October 22, 2016
Friday, October 21, 2016
- Editorial Note
- Hugo van der Merwe & M. Brinton Lykes, Transitional Justice Processes as Teachable Moments
- Andrea Durbach, Towards Reparative Transformation: Revisiting the Impact of Violence against Women in a Post-TRC South Africa
- Michael Broache, Irrelevance, Instigation and Prevention: The Mixed Effects of International Criminal Court Prosecutions on Atrocities in the CNDP/M23 Case
- Aoife Duffy, Searching for Accountability: British-Controlled Detention in Southeast Iraq, 2003–2008
- Mijke de Waardt, Naming and Shaming Victims: The Semantics of Victimhood
- Arnaud Kurze, #WarCrimes #PostConflictJustice #Balkans: Youth, Performance Activism and the Politics of Memory
- Eliza Garnsey, Rewinding and Unwinding: Art and Justice in Times of Political Transition
- Louise Mallinder & Catherine O’Rourke, Databases of Transitional Justice Mechanisms and Contexts: Comparing Research Purposes and Design
- Notes from the Field
- Stef Vandeginste, Museveni, Burundi and the Perversity of Immunité Provisoire
- Yasmine Ahmed, Sara Duddy, Claire Hackett, Patricia Lundy, Mary McCallan, Gemma McKeown, Andrée Murphy, Catherine O'Rourke, Emma Patterson-Bennet, Leah Wing, & Philipp Schulz, Developing Gender Principles for Dealing with the Legacy of the Past
- Review Essay
- Sarah Williams, Hybrid Tribunals: A Time for Reflection
Entre instrument de protection des libertés fondamentales et menace à l’égard des mêmes libertés, l’activité pénale est un phénomène cerné de paradoxes. Les règles de protection des droits humains ont notamment pour ambition de contenir ces paradoxes : en encadrant le pouvoir de contrainte que l’autorité répressive est susceptible d’exercer sur les individus, ces normes essentielles doivent permettre de garantir une justice pénale qui demeure fidèle aux principes qu’elle entend défendre.
Mais, dès lors que le droit international des droits humains a été pensé et conçu pour circonscrire l’autorité des États, qu’en reste-t-il lorsqu’on cherche à l’appliquer à la Cour pénale internationale ? Dans quelle mesure et sur la base de quel(s) fondement(s) juridique(s) cet acteur répressif d’un genre nouveau est-il tenu au respect de règles auxquelles il n’a pas expressément souscrit ? Les spécificités de la justice pénale internationale – telles que la gravité des crimes ayant favorisé son émergence – réclament-elles une adaptation du niveau de protection accordé aux suspects et accusés internationaux ?
Cet ouvrage vise à apporter un éclairage sur ces questions et, ainsi, à cerner les contours de l’applicabilité des droits humains à l’action de la Cour pénale internationale.
At the end of World War II the Allies faced a threefold challenge: how to punish perpetrators of appalling crimes for which the categories of 'genocide' and 'crimes against humanity' had to be coined; how to explain that these had been committed by Germany, of all nations; and how to reform Germans. The Allied answer to this conundrum was the application of historical reasoning to legal procedure. In the thirteen Nuremberg trials held between 1945 and 1949, and in corresponding cases elsewhere, a concerted effort was made to punish key perpetrators while at the same time providing a complex analysis of the Nazi state and German history. Building on a long debate about Germany's divergence from a presumed Western path of development, Allied prosecutors sketched a historical trajectory which had led Germany to betray the Western model. Historical reasoning both accounted for the moral breakdown of a 'civilised' nation and rendered plausible arguments that this had indeed been a collective failure rather than one of a small criminal clique. The prosecutors therefore carefully laid out how institutions such as private enterprise, academic science, the military, or bureaucracy, which looked ostensibly similar to their opposite numbers in the Allied nations, had been corrupted in Germany even before Hitler's rise to power. While the argument, depending on individual protagonists, subject matters, and contexts, met with uneven success in court, it offered a final twist which was of obvious appeal in the Cold War to come: if Germany had lost its way, it could still be brought back into the Western fold. The first comprehensive study of the Nuremberg trials, The Betrayal thus also explores how history underpins transitional trials as we encounter them in today's courtrooms from Arusha to The Hague.
Cultural genocide is the systematic destruction of traditions, values, language, and other elements that make one group of people distinct from another. Cultural genocide remains a recurrent topic, appearing not only in the form of wide-ranging claims about the commission of cultural genocide in diverse contexts but also in the legal sphere, as exemplified by the discussions before the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and also the drafting of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. These discussions have, however, displayed the lack of a uniform understanding of the concept of cultural genocide and thus of the role that international law is expected to fulfil in this regard.
The Concept of Cultural Genocide: An International Law Perspective details how international law has approached the core idea underlying the concept of cultural genocide and how this framework can be strengthened and fostered. It traces developments from the early conceptualisation of cultural genocide to the contemporary question of its reparation. Through this journey, the book discusses the evolution of various branches of international law in relation to both cultural protection and cultural destruction in light of a number of legal cases in which either the concept of cultural genocide or the idea of cultural destruction has been discussed. Such cases include the destruction of cultural and religious heritage in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the forced removals of Aboriginal children in Australia and Canada, and the case law of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in relation to Indigenous and tribal groups' cultural destruction.
In recent years States have made more and more extensive use of the International Court of Justice for the judicial settlement of disputes. Despite being declared by the Court's Statute to have no binding force for States other than the parties to the case, its decisions have come to constitute a body of jurisprudence that is frequently invoked in other disputes, in international negotiation, and in academic writing.
This jurisprudence, covering a wide range of aspects of international law, is the subject of considerable ongoing academic examination; it needs however to be seen against the background, and in the light, of the Court's structure, jurisdiction and operation, and the principles applied in these domains. The purpose of this book is thus to provide an accessible and comprehensive study of this aspect of the Court, and in particular of its procedure, written by a scholar who has had unique opportunities of close observation of the Court in action. This distillation of direct experience and expertise makes it essential reading for all those who study, teach or practise international law.
Thursday, October 20, 2016
2016 is the year that the political consensus in favor liberalized international trade collapsed. Across the world, voters’ belief that international trade agreements lead to economic inequality threatens to derail ratification of the next generation of trade agreements and undo the substantial gains made under existing arrangements. In the United States, both presidential candidates in this fall’s election have denounced the most recent effort to liberalize trade rules, the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). The United Kingdom voted to pull out of the European Union, one of the world’s largest and most important free trade zones. Europe’s top trade negotiator has declared European trade policy “close to death” after Germany and France held up ratification of a free trade agreement with Canada.
In the face of this onslaught, trade’s defenders have run out of ideas. They point out that trade makes nations wealthier; that trade plays a minor role in creating economic inequality when compared with technological innovation; and that domestic policies unconnected to trade rules can more efficiently address economic inequality, and can do so without the need for international obligations that might be construed as limiting national sovereignty in matters of social policy. These views are right as a matter of economics. But politicians make trade rules, not economists. Right or wrong, voters’ belief that liberalizing trade leads to economic inequality creates a political constraint on trade liberalization.
This Essay proposes a way to save the political consensus in favor of free trade. In order to preserve and extend the international trade regime and the extraordinary gains it has produced since the end of World War II, the next generation of preferential trade agreements should include international obligations binding on developed countries to address domestic economic inequality. In other words, trade agreements must include obligations to redistribute the gains from trade within countries. This approach differs dramatically from that taken in existing trade agreements. Since the North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), trade agreements have tried to protect those who stand to lose from free trade – principally labor interests – by including labor provisions in trade agreements. These provisions are outward-looking, however. They seek to raise labor and environmental standards in developing countries (e.g., Mexico) in order to limit the loss of jobs in developed countries (e.g., the United States). Critics of trade agreements have inadvertently bought into this orientation. They argue for removing investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) from trade agreements. But removing ISDS does nothing to help those suffering economically in developed countries, and it hurts developed countries’ businesses’ when they operate overseas. The removal of ISDS thus would be both a major concession to trade’s critics and yet not one that advances their core objective of ensuring that trade agreements advance economic equality.
To be sure, governments do have domestic programs to help those negatively impacted by liberalized trade rules. Trade adjustment assistance (TAA) programs offer financial assistance to those who lose their jobs due to international trade. But recent studies in the United States suggest that TAA is ineffective. Moreover, unlike trade agreements, which are in force indefinitely, TAA expires every few years unless Congress reauthorizes it – a fight each time.
To put it bluntly, these approaches have failed. They have failed to staunch the loss of jobs and they have failed to persuade voters in developed countries that international trade is not a primary cause of economic inequality. An “Economic Development” chapter in future preferential trade agreements would commit developed countries to addressing their own economic inequality problems at home. An Economic Development chapter would create international obligations for member states to establish fiscal programs, such as educational and infrastructure spending, designed to boost economic opportunity for those left behind by growing inequality. These spending obligations would be indexed, so that they would rise and fall with the economic losses attributable to trade agreements. If such losses do not occur or taper off, nations’ spending commitments would naturally sunset.
These obligations would be enforced through reporting and monitoring requirements, similar to human rights treaties, and dispute settlement provisions that could lead to a loss of market access, the norm in trade agreements. Tying measures designed to address economic inequality directly into trade agreements would create political coalitions in favor of continuing efforts to liberalize trade. Those who do not benefit from trade agreements could still support them as a way to obtain greater domestic benefits. And those who benefit most from the liberalized trade rules could support redistribution as the price of further globalization. Trade agreements would create a commitment device allowing those who gain from trade to commit in advance to provide those who do not with a share of the spoils.
Si d’importants travaux ont été consacrés à l’exécution des arrêts et jugements d’une juridiction internationale particulière, au premier chef la Cour internationale de Justice, aucune étude de la question de l’exécution de leurs décisions n’a jusqu’à aujourd’hui été entreprise pour l’ensemble de ces juridictions, alors même que leur multiplication dans les domaines les plus variés du droit international en renouvelle considérablement l’importance et l’intérêt, tant dans l’ordre juridique international que dans les ordres juridiques nationaux. C’est à cet aspect délaissé du droit du contentieux international que s’attache le présent colloque de l’IHEI, qui réunit universitaires et praticiens, français et étrangers, pour en décliner les différentes facettes dans la matière du contentieux international général et dans celles de la protection des droits de l’homme, des échanges et de la concurrence, et de l’arbitrage transnational.
Der Internationale Pakt für politische und bürgerliche Rechte ist der wichtigste völkerrechtliche Vertrag zur Garantie universeller Menschenrechte und damit für die politische Betätigungsfreiheit. Politische Parteien nehmen für die Verwirklichung dieser Freiheit eine entscheidende Rolle ein, da sie individuelle Meinungen in staatliche Entscheidungen hineintragen können. Unter Bezugnahme auf die Vereinigungsfreiheit, das Wahlrecht, das Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Völker und den Minderheitenschutz zeigt Julian Rössler, dass die Parteienfreiheit auf universeller Ebene umfassend gewährleistet wird. Die völkerrechtliche Parteienfreiheit ist als Garant für eine Pluralität von Parteien und damit auch für politische Meinungsvielfalt in den Vertragsstaaten zu verstehen. Der Zivilpakt ist Grundlage für eine internationale Gemeinschaft von pluralistisch demokratischen Staaten.
- Riccardo Pisillo Mazzeschi, Benedetto Conforti ed il suo contributo scientifico in materia di diritti umani
- Guido Raimondi, Benedetto Conforti prima Commissario e poi Giudice dei diritti umani a Strasburgo
- Roberto Baratta, Diritti fondamentali e riconoscimento dello status filii in casi di maternità surrogata: la primazia degli interessi del minore
- Giulia Rossolillo, Riconoscimento di status familiari e adozioni sconosciute all’ordinamento italiano
- I rapporti tra giustizia penale internazionale e mantenimento della pace
- Emanuele Cimiotta, Gabriele Della Morte, Introduction
- Maurizio Arcari, A Vetoed International Criminal Justice? Cursory Remarks on the Current Relationship Between the UN Security Council and International Criminal Courts and Tribunals
- Frédéric Mégret & Nidal Nabil Jurdi, The International Criminal Court, the ‘Arab Spring’ and Its Aftermath
- Chiara Favilli, La cooperazione UE-Turchia per contenere il flusso dei migranti e richiedenti asilo: obiettivo riuscito?
- Alessia Iolanda Matonti, Il caso Ljubljanska Banka D.D. c. Croazia: le società a controllo pubblico fra legittimazione ad agire e responsabilità dello Stato
- Nicole Lazzerini, Gli obblighi in materia di protezione dei diritti fondamentali come limite all’esecuzione del mandato di arresto europeo: la sentenza Aranyosi e Căldăraru
- Chiara Ragni, Il diritto al ricongiungimento familiare nella giurisprudenza della Corte europea dei diritti dell’uomo: riflessioni a margine del caso Pajić
- Laura Salvadego, Il divieto per i dipendenti del pubblico impiego di esibire simboli religiosi in Francia all’esame dei giudici di Strasburgo
- Beatrice Gornati, Le nuove forme di trattenimento dello straniero irregolare in Italia: dall’‘evoluzione’ dei CIE all’introduzione dei c.d. hotspot
- Loris Marotti, Sul diritto di scegliere la residenza per i beneficiari dello status di protezione sussidiaria: profili evolutivi e aspetti problematici nell’approccio della Corte di giustizia
- Andrea Caligiuri, La situazione del Sahara occidentale e la sua incidenza sull’applicazione degli accordi internazionali conclusi dall’UE con il Marocco
Over recent decades, the responsibility for the past actions of the European colonial powers in relation to their former colonies has been subject to a lively debate. In this book, the question of the responsibility under international law of former colonial States is addressed. Such a legal responsibility would presuppose the violation of the international law that was applicable at the time of colonization. In the ‘Scramble for Africa’ during the Age of New Imperialism (1870-1914), European States and non-State actors mainly used cession and protectorate treaties to acquire territorial sovereignty (imperium) and property rights over land (dominium). The question is raised whether Europeans did or did not on a systematic scale breach these treaties in the context of the acquisition of territory and the expansion of empire, mainly through extending sovereignty rights and, subsequently, intervening in the internal affairs of African political entities.
Call for Papers
2017 ILA-ASIL ASIA-PACIFIC RESEARCH FORUM
The Geopolitics of International Law:
Contemporary Challenges for the Asia-Pacific
May 19-20, 2017
Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China
Chinese (Taiwan) Society of International Law – Chinese (Taiwan) Branch of the International Law Association (ILA), in partnership with the Law in the Pacific Rim Region Interest Group of the American Society of International Law (ASIL) and the Research Center for International Legal Studies, National Chengchi University
The Chinese (Taiwan) Society of International Law will hold the ILA-ASIL Asia-Pacific Research Forum on May 19-20, 2017 at Howard Civil Service International House in Taipei, Taiwan, ROC. The theme of the Research Forum is “The Geopolitics of International Law: Contemporary Challenges for the Asia-Pacific.” The Research Forum aims to provide a forum for academics, private practitioners and government attorneys to present works-in-progress across the spectrum of international and transnational law issues related to the Asia-Pacific. The tentative schedule for the Research Forum is as follows:
Friday, May 19, 2017: Registration and Welcome Reception
Saturday, May 20, 2017: Opening Ceremony and Forum Sessions
II. Submission of Paper Proposals
The organizing committee welcomes proposals on any topic relating to international law with a focus on the Asia-Pacific. Subject areas include, but are not limited to, the following:
1. Law of the Sea (e.g., The South China Sea Arbitration)
2. International Economic Law (e.g., The development of the TPP, the RCEP and the AEC; the WTO and the Paris Agreement)
3. International Human Rights (e.g., The protection of the rights of women, LGBT and Aboriginal people)
4. Recognition/Non-recognition in International Law (e.g., Recognition policies of Asian states; recognition and sovereign immunity in domestic courts)
Paper proposals must be submitted to email@example.com by January 10, 2017. A proposal of no more than 500 words should include the author’s name and full contact information. Please also provide a 1-2 page CV, including a list of recent publications in English.
The organizing committee welcomes proposal submissions from ILA and ASIL members, as well as from non-members. Junior faculty members are particularly welcome. The organizing committee will select proposals and announce the results in early February 2017. Paper presenters are required to submit complete, unpublished papers of no more than 15,000 words, inclusive of footnotes, by May 1, 2017.
Selected papers will be published in the Chinese (Taiwan) Yearbook of International Law and Affairs (Brill | Nijhoff). Articles of the Yearbook will also be made available on Westlaw and HeinOnline.
III. Other Information
Participants of the Research Forum are responsible for their own travel and accommodation expenses. The organizing committee is not in the position to provide financial support. However, registration fees will be waived for paper presenters. Registration details will be announced in March 2017. Other inquiries can be directed to the organizing committee (Professors Chun-i Chen, Yuka Fukunaga, Pasha Hsieh, Nigel Li, Torsten Stein, and Timothy Webster) by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The host institution of the Research Forum is the Chinese (Taiwan) Society of International Law, which was founded in 1958 with the purpose of promoting research on international law and crossstraits legal issues. As an ILA branch, the Society held the ILA’s 68th Taipei Biennial Conference in 1998, the ILA’s Asia-Pacific Regional Conferences in 1995 and 2011, and the ILA-ASIL Asia-Pacific Research Forum in 2013 and 2015. This Research Forum will reinforce the ILA-ASIL collaboration on international and transnational law research in the Asia-Pacific.
Wednesday, October 19, 2016
- Pietro Gargiulo, Ricordo di Luigi Ferrari Bravo
- Umberto Leanza, L’Accordo italo-francese del 2015 di delimitazione delle frontiere marittime: quadro giuridico di riferimento
- Articoli e Saggi
- Mario Gervasi, Rilievi critici sull’Accordo di Parigi: le sue potenzialità e il suo ruolo nell’evoluzione dell’azione internazionale di contrasto al cambiamento climatico
- Ludovica Chiussi, The UN 2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development: Talking the Talk, Walking the Walk?
- Osservatorio Diritti Umani
- Marco Bocchi, Le sentenze pilota nella prassi della Corte Europea dei Diritti Umani e la loro efficacia negli ordinamenti interni
- Osservatorio Europeo
- Nicola Ruccia, Caratteristiche, principi e limiti del meccanismo di risoluzione unico
- G. Gaja, Lo statuto della Convenzione europea dei diritti dell’uomo nel diritto dell’Unione
- F. Rossi Dal Pozzo, La tutela dei dati personali tra esigenze di sicurezza nazionale, interessi economici e diritti fondamentali della persona (dal Safe Harbour al Privacy Shield)
- D. Russo, The Injured Individual’s Right to Compensation in the Law on Diplomatic Protection
- Note e Commenti
- P. Picone, La responsabilità degli Stati tra codificazione e sviluppo progressivo della materia
- I. Papanicolopulu, Commenti a margine dell’ordinanza del tribunale arbitrale nel caso Enrica Lexie
- A. Liguori, Extraordinary Renditions nella giurisprudenza della Corte europea dei diritti umani: il caso Abu Omar
- S. Marino, Il diritto all’identità personale e la libera circolazione delle persone nell’Unione Europea
- S. Urbinati, L’epidemia di Ebola in Africa occidentale come minaccia alla pace e alla sicurezza internazionali: quale ruolo per il Consiglio di sicurezza?
- G. Nesi, Ricordo di Luigi Ferrari Bravo
- A. Annoni, C’è un giudice per il Sahara occidentale?
- Eric Pickett & Michael Lux, The Status and Effect of WTO Law Before EU Courts
- James Searles, The European Union’s Options for China Dumping Methodology After 11 December 2016
- Gregorio Salatino, ‘Representations and Warranties’ in Sale and Purchase Agreements : The Italian Perspective
- Jorge Miranda, Implementation of the ‘Shift in Burden of Proof’ Approach to Interpreting Paragraph 15 of China’s Protocol of Accession
- Melissa H. Loja, The Spratly Islands as a Single Unit Under International Law: A Commentary on the Final Award in Philippines/China Arbitration
- Valentin Schatz, Fishing for Interpretation: The ITLOS Advisory Opinion on Flag State Responsibility for Illegal Fishing in the EEZ
- Australian and Canadian Oceans Research Network (ACORN) Workshop
- Julia Jabour, Tim Stephens & David L. VanderZwaag, Introduction
- Phillip Saunders & Marcus Haward, Politics, Science, and Species Protection Law: A Comparative Consideration of Southern and Atlantic Bluefin Tuna
- Richard Apostle, Tsafrir Gazit & Marcus Haward, Ocean Tracking and Marine Species Protection in Australia and Canada: Science, Technology, and Knowledge Brokering
Tuesday, October 18, 2016
- Attila Tanzi, International Law and Foreign Investment in Hydroelectric Industry: A Multidimensional Analysis
- Andrei Gomez-Suarez; Nicolás M. Perrone & Enrique Prieto Ríos, Foreign Investors and the Colombian Peace Process
- Zena Hadjiargyrou, A Conceptual and Practical Evaluation of Intergenerational Equity in International Environmental Law
- Meltem Ineli-Ciger, A Temporary Protection Regime in Line with International Law: Utopia or Real Possibility?
- Abdulmalik M. Altamimi, An Interactional World Trade Law
- Marissa Ooms, International Human Rights Law and Its Critics
To mark 15 years since the coming into force of the Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) on 1 July 2002, the Journal of International Criminal Justice is pleased to announce a forthcoming symposium on ‘The International Criminal Court’s Policies and Strategies’ to be published in July 2017.
Almost 15 years into its existence - and notwithstanding almost continuous and at times justified criticism - the ICC continues to consolidate its role in the international community and expand the scope of its activities. Considering the significance and growing number of types of criminal conduct under scrutiny, and the possible repercussions of its activities on ongoing conflicts as well as on post-conflict and transitional processes of justice, the ICC has, from its inception, understood the necessity for a scrupulous, transparent and coherent planning of its activities. To this end, the Court and its various organs have continually issued a number of documents explaining the Court’s policies on numerous distinct issues as well as its strategies for the future.
Of these, particular relevance attaches to the strategic plans and policy papers released by the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP),1 especially in an environment where prosecutorial choices are by nature discretionary and not dictated by the ICC Statute or any external actors. These documents have, on the one hand, touched upon themes such as the interests of justice, gender-based violence or crimes against children and, on the other, clarified procedural issues such as case selection and prioritization, preliminary examinations and victims’ participation.
The Journal’s Editorial Committee believes that the time has come to take a closer and systematic look at ICC OTP policies and strategies, looking at the choices made thus far, the level of transparency and consistency, as well as suggesting avenues to strengthen the overall effectiveness and credibility of ICC investigative and prosecutorial strategies.
Key questions or topics that could be examined include, but are not limited to:
- the need for clear and transparent policies available to the general public and to state parties, also in light of the complementarity system;
- who are the target audiences of such policies once published and what is their nature (binding or not);
- the methodology of drafting and then ensuring implementation of policies concerning such highly complex and contentious issues;
- the overall coherence of policies and strategic plans adopted so far by the OTP;
- the propriety and effectiveness of one (or more) of those policies currently available and suggestions for amendment or improvement; and
- gaps/areas where planning or transparency is most needed, possibly in the form of a policy paper, including concrete proposals for the content of such policies and strategies.
The Journal calls for submission of abstracts not exceeding 500 words on the questions described above, or related areas of interest, no later than 15 November 2016. After the abstracts are reviewed, in early December, the Editorial Committee will invite a number of contributors to submit full papers of no more than 8000 words (including an abstract and footnotes) by 28 February 2017.
All papers submitted to the Journal are subject to its double-blind peer-review policy.
It is expected that the symposium will be published in the Journal in its third issue of the year in July 2017, in time to celebrate the anniversary of the entry into force of the ICC Statute on 1 July 2002.
For questions and further information, including on the Journal’s style requirements, please contact the Executive Editor at email@example.com.
1 Available online.
- Special Issue: Renewable-Energy Law
- Kati Kulovesi; Seita Romppanen & Yulia Yamineva, Introduction to Climate Law’s Special Issue on Renewable-Energy Law
- Federico Esu & Francesco Sindico, IRENA and IEA: Moving Together Towards a Sustainable Energy Future—Competition or Collaboration?
- Kim Talus, Float Like a Butterfly, Sting Like a Bee: Judicial Challenges to Renewable-Energy Support Schemes in Europe
- Eirini Tsifopoulou, Renewable-Energy Support Schemes in the Case Law of the Court of Justice of the EU: Tensions Between Trade and Climate Objectives
- Taotao Yue & Marjan Peeters, Better Greenhouse Gas Emissions Accounting for Biofuels: A Key to Biofuels Sustainability
- Max Salomon Jansson, Public Procurement and Biofuel Sustainability Criteria: Is There a Link?
- Carlos Soria-Rodríguez, Marine Renewable Energies and the European Regional Seas Conventions
- Natalie Jones, Wind Energy and Adverse Visual-Impact Litigation: A Balance of Global and Local Interests?
- Anne Kallies, New Directions of Legal Reform for Renewable Energy in Europe: From Single-Plant Support to Whole- of-System Approaches
Call for Papers: The Role of the European Parliament in the Conclusion and Implementation of Agreements on International Economic Law Issues
Monday, October 17, 2016
Stephen Porter's Benevolent Empire examines political-refugee aid initiatives and related humanitarian endeavors led by American people and institutions from World War I through the Cold War, opening an important window onto the "short American century." Chronicling both international relief efforts and domestic resettlement programs aimed at dispossessed people from Europe, Latin America, and East Asia, Porter asks how, why, and with what effects American actors took responsibility for millions of victims of war, persecution, and political upheaval during these decades. Diverse forces within the American state and civil society directed these endeavors through public-private governing arrangements, a dynamic yielding both benefits and liabilities. Motivated by a variety of geopolitical, ethical, and cultural reasons, these advocates for humanitarian action typically shared a desire to portray the United States, to the American people and international audiences, as an exceptional, benevolent world power whose objects of concern might potentially include any vulnerable people across the globe. And though reality almost always fell short of that idealized vision, Porter argues that this omnivorous philanthropic energy helped propel and steer the ascendance of the United States to its position of elite global power.
The messaging and administration of refugee aid initiatives informed key dimensions of American and international history during this period, including U.S. foreign relations, international humanitarianism and human rights, global migration and citizenship, and American political development and social relations at home. Benevolent Empire is thus simultaneously a history of the United States and the world beyond.