China’s free trade agreements (FTAs) reveal malleability as the most striking feature. The paper analyzes the following questions: what is the trend of China’s FTA approach to investment concerning malleability? Is China a rule follower, shaker or maker? How may China approach the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) regarding investment? It argues first that the malleability will probably expand from investment protection to investment liberalization. China converges with deep FTAs regarding investment protection and may incrementally move to investment liberal- ization. Second, increased malleability of China’s FTAs exists in regulatory autonomy and investor-state dispute settlement. Third, China is likely to be a rule shaker in the short to medium term, and become a rule maker later if challenges are addressed. Its approach may evolve from selective adaption to selective innovation. Finally, the RCEP may adopt low-level investment rules and an early harvest approach due to, inter alia, existing agreements and the nature of mega FTA.
Wednesday, March 21, 2018
Aust & du Plessis: ood Urban Governance as a Global Aspiration: On the Potential and Limits of Sustainable Development Goal 11
Goal 11 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) sets out to make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable by 2030. Together with the New Urban Agenda adopted at the Habitat III conference in Quito in 2016, SDG 11 is the latest emanation of the thickening layer of international normative guidance on questions of sustainable development and urban governance. This chapter argues that Goal 11 of the SDGs is a clear expression of the urban turn, as it were, in global governance. The contribution contextualizes the setting in which SDG 11 is inserted as well as the aspirations of Goal 11. The chapter also unearths the inherent contradictions of SDG 11 since not all of its sub-goals will be attainable at the same time and without negatively impacting on some of the other SDGs. For instance, the notions of ‘safety’ and ‘inclusiveness’ might well conflict with each other. The chapter concludes with a critical view on some of the general implementation risks and challenges associated with SDG 11.
- Anthony Lucky, Diversity in Judgments: The Role of the Courts in Promoting Biodiversity
- Abhishek Kumar, Economic Development and Environmental Justice: Cruel Conundrum or Symbiotic Relationship? (We Can Have Plan B, but No Planet B!)
- Neelotpalam Tiwari & Himanshu Pabreja, India's Protected Areas: Are They Really Protected or at the Mercy of Wildlife Boards?
- Alifya Vora, Legal and Ethical Implications of Using Trophy Hunting as a Conservation Tool
- Stephen Leitheiser, The Politics of “Better Than Nothing” in National Wetland Protection Law
- Jordi Feo, La respuesta de la comunidad internacional ante la vulneración continuada de los derechos humanos en Haití (1993-2016)
- Emilie Fortin, Prohibition prescrite au sous-paragraphe B de l’article premier de la Convention sur les armes chimiques: sommes-nous en présence d’un effet générateur d’une règle du droit international coutumier?
- Emmanuel Guematcha, La réglementation internationale du commerce international des armes classiques : le Traité du 2 avril 2013 et la protection de la personne
- Lynda Hubert Ta, Réflexions sur les enjeux d’équité dans la gouvernance des ressources naturelles à Madagascar
- Tristan Lemelle, L’accès au marché pour les produits agricoles du sud dans le droit de l’OMC
- Konstantinos Magliveras & Gino Naldi, The Arab Court of Human Rights: A Study in Impotence
- Olivier Dismas Ndayambaje, La contribution de la reconnaissance des droits des peuples autochtones à la protection de l’environnement à la lumière de l’affaire Endorois c Kenya
- Touwendé Roland Ouédraogo, La distinction entre la participation directe aux hostilités par les civils et la légitime défense des civils
- Elisabeth Madeleine Patterson, Reconciling Indigenous Peoples with the Judicial Process: An Examination of the Recent Genocide and Sexual Slavery Trials in Guatemala and Their Integration of Mayan Culture and Customs
- Nawwar Wannous, Le principe de la liberté d’investir : l’exemple des législations tunisienne, égyptienne et saoudienne
- C. Houki, La fiscalité et la nature de l’État en Islam
- J-B. Kossi Galley, Le différend maritime entre la Bolivie et le Chili devant la Cour internationale de justice
- D. Pavot & C. Chevalier, Réflexions sur l’interprétation des actes unilatéraux des États à la lueur de la décision de la Cour africaine des droits de l’homme et des peuples du 3 juin 2016 dans l’affaire Victoire Ingabire ...
- F. Quilleré-Majzoub, La protection internationale de l’environnement par le droit : en marche vers un pacte mondial ?
- G. Grégoire, Crise des dettes souveraines et risque de conflit juridictionnel : retour sur l’affaire Outright Monetary Transactions
- Arianna Broggiato, Thomas Vanagt, Laura E. Lallier, Marcel Jaspars, Geoff Burton & Dominic Muyldermans, Mare Geneticum: Balancing Governance of Marine Genetic Resources in International Waters
- Froukje Maria Platjouw, Marine Spatial Planning in the North Sea—Are National Policies and Legal Structures Compatible Enough? The Case of Norway and the Netherlands
- Xuexia Liao, Is There a Hierarchical Relationship between Natural Prolongation and Distance in the Continental Shelf Delimitation?
- Josh B. Martin, Protecting Outstanding Underwater Cultural Heritage through the World Heritage Convention: The Titanic and Lusitania as World Heritage Sites
- Zoe Scanlon, Upsetting the Balance? The Legality of Vessel Confiscation under the LOSC after the M/V Virginia G Case
- Richard Caddell, Precautionary Management and the Development of Future Fishing Opportunities: The International Regulation of New and Exploratory Fisheries
- Marja Lehto, The Fight against ISIL in Syria. Comments on the Recent Discussion of the Right of Self-defence against Non-state Actors
- Dorothée Cambou, Enhancing the Participation of Indigenous Peoples at the Intergovernmental Level to Strengthen Self-Determination: Lessons from the Arctic
- Giulio Calcara, Preventing the Misuse of INTERPOL: A Study on the Legal Safeguards of the Organization
This article explores the European roots of the post-war development discourse. Specifically, it shows how British hegemonic plans for post-war reconstruction of Eastern and Central Europe became central elements of post-war development economics. The Soviet takeover of Eastern Europe made those plans obsolete, but their theoretical insights remained valuable. Indeed, they were applied to plans for the development of the Italian South, in a Cold War, anti-Communist framework, with the support of the US government and the World Bank. During the 1950s-60s the Italian case was internationally recognized as a development laboratory, and social scientists and development scholars studied it at length. This article discusses the emergence of visions of development in Europe, which occurred not in some intellectual vacuum, but rather through the pressures of political imperatives and the Cold War, the emergence of post-war international institutions, and the practice of technical missions.
Tuesday, March 20, 2018
- B.S. Chimni, Customary International Law: A Third World Perspective
- Editorial Comment
- Harlan Grant Cohen, Multilateralism's Life Cycle
- Notes and Comments
- Anne van Aaken, Behavioral Aspects of the International Law of Global Public Goods and Common Pool Resources
- International Decisions
- Asier Garrido-Muñoz, Prime Minister v. Parliament of Catalonia
- Nuwan Peiris, Ghana v. Ivory Coast
- Manuel J. Ventura, Prosecutor v. Al-Bashir
- Contemporary Practice of the United States Relating to International Law
- Jean Galbraith, Contemporary Practice of the United States Relating to International Law
- Recent Books on International Law
- Ian Johnstone, reviewing The Impact of International Organizations on International Law, by José E. Alvarez
- Stephen M. Schwebel, reviewing Rosenne's Law and Practice of the International Court 1920–2015 (5th ed.), Vols. I–IV, by Malcolm N. Shaw; and The International Court of Justice, by Hugh Thirlway
- Jochen A. Frowein, reviewing The Betrayal: The Nuremberg Trials and German Divergence, by Kim Christian Priemel
- Meredith Kolsky Lewis, reviewing A History of Law and Lawyers in the GATT/WTO, edited by Gabrielle Marceau
- Beth Van Schaack, reviewing Historical Origins of International Criminal Law: Volumes 1–5.- Historical Origins of International Criminal Law: Volume 1, edited by Morten Bergsmo, Cheah Wui Ling and Yi Ping; Historical Origins of International Criminal Law: Volume 2, edited by Morten Bergsmo, Cheah Wui Ling and Yi Ping; Historical Origins of International Criminal Law: Volume 3, edited by Morten Bergsmo, Cheah Wui Ling, Song Tianying and Yi Ping; Historical Origins of International Criminal Law: Volume 4, edited by Morten Bergsmo, Cheah Wui Ling, Song Tianying and Yi Ping; and Historical Origins of International Criminal Law: Volume 5, edited by Morten Bergsmo, Klaus Rackwitz and Song Tianying
Call for Papers: Gender, Health & Sustainable Development- The Role for International Human Rights Law
The Italian Ministry for Education, University, and Research (Ministero dell’Istruzione, dell’Università e della Ricerca, MIUR) has issued a public call for 24 researcher positions.
The call is open to scholars of all nationalities who have spent three years working at a non-Italian research center or university and have been awarded a PhD degree, or equivalent, after 31 October 2011 and by 31 October 2014.
The winner of the call will work as a Senior Researcher with an initial 3-year working contract (Ricercatore a tempo determinato, tipologia B) that leads to Associate Tenured Track Professorship subject to National Scientific Habilitation (Abilitazione Scientifica Nazionale, «ASN»).
The English translation of the Ministerial Decree is available here.
The deadline to submit the application is 28 March 2018, h. 24.00 (Italian local time).
In the context of this call, the University of Milan, Department of International, Legal, Historical and Political Studies wishes to express its interest to welcome outstanding researchers in the areas of International Law and Comparative Law who would like to apply.
For additional information please contact Dr. Stefano Dominelli (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Call for Papers: Private International Law and Intellectual Property: Jurisdiction, Choice of Law, and Recognition and Enforcement of Judgments/Arbitral Awards
This article concerns the permissibility of amnesties for torture under the ECHR. It argues that when an amnesty case comes to Strasbourg, as it likely will, there is a good chance that the Court will make a serious error. That error will be to hold that the Convention requires the prosecution of torture in all circumstances – it will be to invalidate the amnesty. In part, such an approach will be informed by an assumption that each of the set of duties that flows from an absolute right is itself absolute. That assumption, combined with the way that the Court has specified the duty to prosecute violations of Article 3, would prevent the Court from taking into account powerful countervailing interests in play during peace negotiations. These countervailing interests mean that any claim that amnesties for the gravest wrongs are always impermissible is unsustainable.
- Renato Antonini, A ‘MES’ to be adjusted: past and future treatment of Chinese imports in EU anti-dumping investigations
- Pallavi Kishore, India’s Experience with the WTO Agreement on Textiles and Clothing
- Cemal Atici, Use of the Dispute Settlement Mechanism of the WTO by Developing Countries in the Context of Food Safety
- Thomas Cantens, The Political Arithmetic of Borders: Towards an Enlightened Form of Criticism
- Jim Della-Giacoma, The case of East Timor: Ancient history or the shape of things to come?
- Mark Malan, Action adapted to circumstance: Peacekeeping doctrine and the use of force
- Carlos Chagas Vianna Braga, Between absolute war and absolute peacekeeping
- Cedric de Coning, Implications of stabilisation mandates for the use of force in UN peace operations
- Stian Kjeksrud & Alexander Beadle, Understanding the utility of the UN military component to protect civilians in different scenarios
- Walter Dorn, Protecting civilians with force: Lessons and dilemmas from the UN Stabilisation Mission in Haiti
- Charles Hunt, The ‘All necessary means’, to what ends? The unintended consequences of the use of force by UN Peacekeepers
- Peter Nadin, The logic of force in UN peacekeeping: A policy primer
- Tim Ford, Leadership in UN Missions
- David Curran, The use of force and the civil-military dimension
- Darryl Watters, Generating the ability: The challenges of force generation
- James Sloan, UN peacekeeping and international law
Monday, March 19, 2018
- V.G. Butkevych, The International-Legal Ideology of Pre-Slavic Chiefdoms of the Ukrainian Ethnos (Part Four)
- Mark Somos, Boston in the State of Nature, 1761-1765: The Birth of an American Constitutional Trope
- Christopher Rossi, The Gulf of Fonseca and International Law: Condominium or Anti-Colonial Imperialism?
- Amy Kellam, Suzerainty and the 1914 Simla Agreement
- V. Popovski, Raphael Lemkin: Inventing and Codifying Genocide
- Notes and Comments
- M. Mulligan, The Status of Egypt After the 1840 Convention of London
- V. S. Ivanenko, Private International Law in Russia: The Earliest Work
- L. Anufrieva, Myths and Facts of the Russian Science of Private International Law: The Legacy of M. I. Brun
- V.V. Veeder, Looking for Professor B. E. Nolde
- International Legal Doctrine
- W.E. Butler, The Abbé Ferdinando Galiani and Neutrality
- Abbé Galiani, On the Reciprocal Rights of Belligerents and Neutrals
Today, investor-state arbitration embodies the worst fears of those concerned about runaway globalization - a far cry from its framers' intentions. Why did governments create a special legal system in which foreign investors can bring cases directly against states? This book takes readers through the key decisions that created investor-state arbitration, drawing on internal documents from several governments and extensive interviews to illustrate the politics behind this new legal system.
The corporations and law firms that dominate investor-state arbitration today were not present at its creation. In fact, there was almost no lobbying from investors. Nor did powerful states have a strong preference for it. Nor was it created because there was evidence that it facilitates investment - there was no such evidence.
International officials with peacebuilding and development aims drove the rise of investor-state arbitration. This book puts forward a new historical institutionalist explanation to illuminate how the actions of these officials kicked off a process of gradual institutional development. While these officials anticipated many developments, including an enormous caseload from investment treaties, over time this institutional framework they created has been put to new purposes by different actors. Institutions do not determine the purposes to which they may be put, and this book's analysis illustrates how unintended consequences emerge and why institutions persist regardless.
- Matthew Hilton, Oxfam and the Problem of NGO Aid Appraisal in the 1960s
- Joël Glasman, Measuring Malnutrition: The History of the MUAC Tape and the Commensurability of Human Needs
- Paul Morrow, A Theory of Atrocity Propaganda
- Dossier on Human Rights Rituals
- Benjamin Authers, Hilary Charlesworth, Marie-Bénédicte Dembour, & Emma Larking, Introduction
- Zachary Manfredi, Sharpening the Vigilance of the World: Reconsidering the Russell Tribunal as Ritual
- Tobias Kelly, Two Cheers for Ritual: The UN Committee Against Torture
- Shane Chalmers, The Beginning of Human Rights: The Ritual of the Preamble to Law
- Roland Burke, The Rites of Human Rights at the United Nations
- Essay Review
- Joshua Busby, Beyond Good Intentions: Responsible and Effective Advocacy in the Digital Age